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On Courts

Chapter 1. General Provisions

Article 1. Judicial Power

Article 2. Judicial System

Article 3. Legislation on Courts

Article 4. Main Tasks of the Courts

Article 5. Formation of the Judiciary

Article 6. Legislative Initiative of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Article 7. State Symbols in the Courts

Article 8. Legality

Article 9. Independence of Judges

Article 10. Obligatory Nature of Judicial Acts

Article 11. Equality before Law and Court

Article 12. Publicity of Court Proceedings

Article 13. Language of Court Proceedings

Article 14. Right to Judicial Protection

Article 15. Professional Legal Assistance in Administration of Justice

Article 16. Presumption of Innocence

Article 17. Right to Appeal against Judicial Act

Chapter 2. Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Article 18. Powers of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Article 19. Composition of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Article 20. Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Article 21. Procedure for Convening the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Article 22. Powers of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Article 23. Resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Article 24. Protocol of the Meeting of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Article 25. Consideration by the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan of Issues within Its Competence

Article 26. Secretary of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Article 27. Composition of the Presidium of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Article 28. Powers of the Presidium of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Article 29. Judicial Collegiums of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Article 30. Chairperson of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Article 31. First Deputy, Deputy Chairpersons — Chairpersons of Judicial Collegiums of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Chapter 3. Court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, Regional and Tashkent City Courts

Article 32. Composition of the Court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, Regional, Tashkent City Courts

Article 33. Powers of the Court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, Regional, Tashkent City Court

Article 34. Presidium of the Court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, Regional, Tashkent City Court

Article 35. Powers of the Presidium of the Court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, Regional, Tashkent City Court

Article 36. Judicial Collegiums of the Court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, Regional, Tashkent City Court

Article 37. Chairperson of the Court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, Regional, Tashkent City Court

Article 38. Deputy Chairperson of the Court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, Regional, Tashkent City Court

Chapter 4. Inter-district, District, City Court for Civil Cases. District, City Court for Criminal Cases. Inter-district, District, City Economic Court

Article 39. Composition of the Inter-District, District, City Court for Civil Cases, District, City Court for Criminal Cases, Inter-District, District, City Economic Court

Article 40. Powers of the Inter-District, District, City Court for Civil Cases, District, City Court for Criminal Cases, Inter-District, District, City Economic Court

Article 41. Chairperson of the Inter-District, District, City Court for Civil Cases, District, City Court for Criminal Cases, Inter-District, District, City Economic Court

Article 42. Deputy Chairperson of the Inter-District, District, City Court for Civil Cases, District, City Court for Criminal Cases, Inter-District, District, City Economic Court

Chapter 5. Military Courts

Article 43. System of Military Courts

Article 44. Composition of Military Courts

Article 45. Jurisdiction of Cases to Military Courts

Article 46. Organization of Activities of Military Courts

Chapter 6. Administrative Court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, Administrative Courts of Regions and City of Tashkent

Article 47. Composition of the Administrative Court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, Administrative Court of the Region, City of Tashkent

Article 48. Powers of the Administrative Court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, Administrative Court of the Region, the city of Tashkent

Article 49. The Presidium of the Administrative Court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, the Administrative Court of the Region, the City of Tashkent

Article 50. Powers of the Presidium of the Administrative Court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, the Administrative Court of the Region, the City of Tashkent

Article 51. The Judicial Collegium of the Administrative Court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, the Administrative Court of the Region, the City of Tashkent

Article 52. Chairperson of the Administrative Court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, Administrative Court of the Region, City of Tashkent

Article 53. Deputy Chairperson of the Administrative Court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, Administrative Court of the Region, Tashkent City

Chapter 7. Inter-district Administrative Court

Article 54. Composition of the Inter-District Administrative Court

Article 55. Powers of the Inter-District Administrative Court

Article 56. Chairperson of the Inter-District Administrative Court

Article 57. Deputy Chairperson of the Inter-district Administrative Court

Chapter 8. Status of Judges, their Rights and Obligations

Article 58. Judges

Article 59. People's Assessors

Article 60. Judge's Oath

Article 61. Rights of a Judge

Article 62. Duties of a Judge

Chapter 9. Basic Guarantees of the Independence of Judges

Article 63. Ensuring the Independence of Judges

Article 64. Immunity of a Judge

Article 65. Responsibility for Disrespect for a Judge

Article 66. Inadmissibility of Interference in the Activities of Judges in The Administration of Justice

Chapter 10. Election and Appointment of Judges

Article 67. Requirements for a Candidate for the Position of a Judge

Article 68. Requirements for Persons Elected, Appointed to the Relevant Position of a Judge

Article 69. Procedure for the Election and Appointment of Judges

Article 70. Procedure for Election and Appointment to Position of Chairperson, Deputy Chairperson of the Court

Article 71. Term of Office of a Judge and Procedure for Its Calculation

Article 72. Term of Office of the Chairperson, Deputy Chairperson of the Court

Article 73. Procedure for Transferring Judge to another Judicial Position

Chapter 11. Disciplinary Liability of Judges

Article 74. Grounds for Disciplinary Liability of Judges

Article 75. Initiation of Disciplinary Case against Judge

Article 76. Measures of Disciplinary Sanctions Applied to Judge

Article 77. Appeal against Decision on The Imposition of Disciplinary Measures

Chapter 12. Suspension and Termination of Judge's Powers

Article 78. Suspension of a Judge Powers

Article 79. Prematurely Termination of the Powers of Judge

Article 80. Qualification Boards of Judges

Chapter 13. Financial and Social Security of Judges and Members of Their Families

Article 81. Financial Security of Judges

Article 82. Annual Leave of Judges

Article 83. Provision of Judges with Housing

Article 84. Measures of Social Protection of Judges and Members of Their Families

Article 85. Guarantees Provided to Judges after the End of Their Term of Office

Article 86. Operation of Labor Legislation in Relation to Judges

Article 87. Pension Provision for Judges

Chapter 14. Final Provisions

Article 88. Court Apparatus

Article 89. Structure and Staff of Courts

Article 90. Financing of Courts

Article 91. Logistical, Technical and Financial Support for the Activities of the Courts

Article 92. Press Organs of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Article 93. Scientific Advisory Council under the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Article 94. Seal of Courts

Article 95. Special Clothes of Judges

Article 96. Official Identification Document of a Judge

Article 97. Approval of Regulations on the Activities of Courts

Article 98. Recognition as Invalid of Some Legislative Acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Article 99. Ensuring Execution, Communication, Clarification of the Essence and Significance of This Law

Article 100. Bringing the Legislation in Line with This Law

Article 101. Entry into Force of This Law

ANNEX No. 1
REGULATION on the organization of the activities of military courts

ANNEX No. 2
REGULATION on qualification classes of judges

ANNEX No. 3
REGULATION on class ranks of employees of the judiciary

Main tasks of the court shall be the protection of the rights and freedoms of citizens guaranteed by the Constitution and other laws, international treaties of the Republic of Uzbekistan, as well as international acts on human rights, state and public interests, rights and legally protected interests of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs.
In accordance with the Constitution Republic of Uzbekistan, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall have the right of legislative initiative, which is exercised by submitting a draft law to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
consider the submission of the Chairperson of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the issues of submitting an appeal to the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan on providing interpretation of the norms of the Constitution and laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan, as well as on submitting an appeal to the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan on issues initiated by the courts on the compliance of normative legal acts to be applied in specific case to the Constitution Republic of Uzbekistan;
submit a submission to the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the issues of submitting an appeal to the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan on giving an official interpretation of the norms of the Constitution and laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan, as well as on the compliance of normative-legal acts to be applied in a specific case to the Constitution Republic of Uzbekistan, on issues initiated by the courts;
strictly observe the Constitution and laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
A judge of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan may be a person who meets the requirements of Article 67 of this Law, who has at least fifteen years of experience in the legal profession, including, as a rule, not less than seven years as a judge.
A judge of an inter-district, district, city court, territorial military court may be a person who meets the requirements of Article 67 of this Law, who has reached thirty-five years of age and has not less than seven years of work experience in the legal profession.
10) commission by a judge of the actions provided for by part one of Article 74 of this Law, for which, by decision of the relevant qualification board of judges, a disciplinary sanction in the form of termination of powers was imposed on the judge.
Prematurely termination of the powers of a judge in the cases provided for in paragraphs 1, 3, 8 and 10 of the first part of this article shall be allowed on the basis of a decision of the relevant qualification board of judges.
Payments for compensation for harm, provided for in parts two to five of this article, shall be conducted at the expense of the republican budget with their subsequent collection from the guilty persons in the manner prescribed by law.
ANNEX No. 1
to the
Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On Courts”
Cases of crimes committed by persons referred to in paragraph 1 of part one of this article, during the period of their military or equivalent service, but dismissed by the time the case is considered in court, shall be considered by military courts.
Cases of crimes and administrative offenses committed by the persons referred to in paragraph 1 of part one of this article, prior to their conscription or entry into military service, or service equivalent to it, shall be considered by criminal courts.
ANNEX No. 2
to the
Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On Courts”
ANNEX No. 3
to the
Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On Courts”

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